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Interaction Mechanisms of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles with Hydrophobic Glass Surfaces and Silicone Oil–Water Interfaces: Adsorption, Deformation, Rupture, Dynamic Shape Changes, Internal Vesicle Formation, and Desorption

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posted on 20.11.2019, 19:41 by Chiho Kataoka-Hamai, Kohsaku Kawakami
Phospholipid monolayers at oil–water interfaces are often obtained via vesicle adsorption. However, the interaction mechanisms of vesicles with these oil–water interfaces remain unclear. Herein, we studied the adsorption of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) of approximately 2–5 μm diameter onto silicone oil–water interfaces and glass surfaces modified with hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) and octadecyltrimethoxysilane (ODTMS) using fluorescence microscopy. The GUVs exhibited various modes of interaction, adsorbing on the silanized glass surfaces without sizable deformation, whereas GUVs bound to the silicone oil–water interface exhibited large deformation. After adsorption, GUV rupture occurred within 350, 110, and 3 ms on HMDS-modified glass, ODTMS-modified glass, and silicone oil–water interface, respectively. On glass surfaces, GUV rupture was often initiated and proceeded with pore formation near the surface. The monolayer patches formed by GUV rupture on HMDS-modified glass remained for at least 1 h over an area approximately twice of that estimated from the original GUV. On the ODTMS-modified glass and silicone oil surfaces, the monolayer patch structures disappeared in milliseconds owing to lipid diffusion across the interface. When adsorbed on the oil–water interface, the GUVs spontaneously underwent dynamic shape changes, internal vesicle formation, and desorption without rupture. Thus, it can be concluded that these different pathways arose from different lipid–surface affinities.