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How the Support Defines Properties of 2D Metal–Organic Frameworks: Fe-TCNQ on Graphene versus Au(111)

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posted on 2024-01-23, 02:03 authored by Zdeněk Jakub, Azin Shahsavar, Jakub Planer, Dominik Hrůza, Ondrej Herich, Pavel Procházka, Jan Čechal
The functionality of 2D metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) is crucially dependent on the local environment of the embedded metal atoms. These atomic-scale details are best ascertained on MOFs supported on well-defined surfaces, but the interaction with the support often changes the MOF properties. We elucidate the extent of this effect by comparing the Fe-TCNQ 2D MOF on two weakly interacting supports: graphene and Au(111). We show that the Fe-TCNQ on graphene is nonplanar with iron in quasi-tetrahedral sites, but on Au(111) it is planarized by stronger van der Waals interaction. The differences in physical and electronic structures result in distinct properties of the supported 2D MOFs. The dz2 center position is shifted by 1.4 eV between Fe sites on the two supports, and dramatic differences in chemical reactivity are experimentally identified using a TCNQ probe molecule. These results outline the limitations of common on-surface approaches using metal supports and show that the intrinsic MOF properties can be partially retained on graphene.

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