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Highly Transparent Bidirectional Transparent Photovoltaics for On-Site Power Generators

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posted on 2021-12-28, 20:46 authored by Sangho Kim, Malkeshkumar Patel, Thanh Tai Nguyen, Naveen Kumar, Priyanka Bhatnagar, Joondong Kim
If we can transparently produce energy, we may apply invisible power generators to residential architectures to supply energy without losing visibility. Transparent photovoltaic cells (TPVs) are a transparent solar technology that transmits visible light while absorbing the invisible short wavelengths, such as ultraviolet. Installing TPVs in buildings provides an on-site energy supply platform as a window-embedded power generator or color-matched solar cell installation on a building surface. The record-high power generation (10.82 mW) and photocurrent value (68.25 mA) were achieved from large-scale TPVs (25 cm2). The metal oxide heterojunction is the fundamental TPV structure. The high-performance TPVs were achieved by adopting a thin Si film between ZnO and NiO as a functional light-absorbing layer. Based on the large energy band gap of metal oxides, TPVs have a clear transmittance (43%) and good color coordinates, which ensure degrees of freedom to adopt TPV power generators in various colored structures or transparent power windows. The bidirectional feature of TPVs is ultimately desirable to maximize light utilization. TPVs can generate electric power from sunlight during the day and can also work from artificial light sources at night. In the near future, humans will acquire electric power without losing visibility with on-site energy supply platforms.

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