Highly Sensitive and Wide Linear-Response Pressure Sensors Featuring Zero Standby Power Consumption under Bending Conditions
mediaposted on 17.04.2020, 15:10 by Chenghan Yi, Yuxin Hou, Ke He, Weimin Li, Nianci Li, Zhongguo Wang, Bing Yang, Shuda Xu, Heng Wang, Chuanzeng Gao, Zhengyan Wang, Guoqiang Gu, Zhixun Wang, Lei Wei, Chunlei Yang, Ming Chen
The ability of a flexible pressure sensor to possess zero power consumption in standby mode, high sensitivity, and wide linear-response range is critical in real flexible matrix-based scenes. However, when the conventional flexible pressure sensors are attached on a curved surface, a pseudosignal response is generated because of the normal stress, resulting in a short linear-response range. Here, a flexible piezoresistive pressure sensor with high performance, zero standby power consumption is demonstrated. The flexible pressure sensor is fabricated from polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/carbon black (CB), patterned polyimide (PI) spacer layer, and laser-induced graphene (LIG) interdigital electrodes. Benefiting from the hierarchical structure and sufficient roughness of PDMS/CB and LIG interdigital electrodes, the proposed pressure sensors (PDMS/CB/PI/LIG) exhibit high sensitivity (43 kPa–1), large linear-response range (0.4–13.6 kPa), fast response (<40 ms), and long-term cycle stability (>1800 cycles). The resulting pressure sensor also features zero standby power consumption merit under certain bending conditions (bending angle: 0–5o). Furthermore, the effect of the hole diameter of the PI spacer layer on the performance of the pressure sensors is experimentally and theoretically investigated. As a proof of concept, a bioinspired artificial haptic neuron system has been successfully equipped to modulate the number of lit LED lights. The proposed high-performance pressure sensor has promising potential to be used in flexible and wearable electronics, especially for the applications in actual flexible matrix-based scenes.