American Chemical Society
sc1c05401_si_003.mp4 (2.96 MB)

Highly Elastic and Fatigue-Resistant Graphene-Wrapped Lamellar Wood Sponges for High-Performance Piezoresistive Sensors

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posted on 2021-11-02, 15:22 authored by Hao Guan, Xinjian Dai, Lin Ni, Jihang Hu, Xiaoqing Wang
Three-dimensional (3D) conductive aerogels with structural robustness and mechanical resilience are highly attractive for sensitive and stable pressure sensing. However, the fabrication of such 3D aerogels often relies on complicated bottom-up assembly processes that involve costly raw materials or intensive energy consumption or directly coating synthetic polymer sponges (e.g., polyurethane) with conductive materials, which may pose environmental concerns for their disposal. Herein, a simple and sustainable strategy is proposed to fabricate a reduced graphene oxide-coated wood sponge (RGO@WS) with a lamellar structure for high-performance piezoresistive sensors. The introduced RGO nanosheets endow the RGO@WS not only with high conductivity but also with high elasticity and excellent fatigue resistance. These features make it an ideal piezoresistive sensor with a high sensitivity of 0.32 kPa–1 (superior to most polymeric sponge-based sensors), high working stability over 10 000 cycles, and excellent sensing reproducibility at ultralow temperatures. Thanks to its prominent sensing performance, the RGO@WS-based sensor can serve as a wearable device for detecting human motions and physiological signals and allows for spatially resolved pressure mapping via integrating the sensors into a large-area sensing array. The developed highly elastic and fatigue-resistant RGO@WS represents a promising and sustainable alternative to the synthetic polymer-based piezoresistive sensors.