American Chemical Society
sc7b04219_si_002.avi (29.27 MB)

Highly Biocompatible, Underwater Superhydrophilic and Multifunctional Biopolymer Membrane for Efficient Oil–Water Separation and Aqueous Pollutant Removal

Download (29.27 MB)
posted on 2018-01-11, 00:00 authored by Minxiang Zeng, Ian Echols, Pingmei Wang, Shijun Lei, Jianhui Luo, Baoliang Peng, Lipeng He, Lecheng Zhang, Dali Huang, Carlos Mejia, Ling Wang, M. Sam Mannan, Zhengdong Cheng
Conventional wastewater treatment systems generally require multiple steps and complex procedures to remove aqueous pollutants and oil contaminants from polluted water. Herein, we fabricate an underwater superoleophobic membrane by cross-linking konjac glucomannan on pristine fabrics, demonstrating that the concept of oil–water separation and the principle of aqueous pollutant removal can be integrated. Such biopolymer-modified fabric not only separates oil–water mixtures with high efficiency (up to 99.9%), but also exhibits the intriguing characteristic of removing water-soluble pollutants (including polyaromatic dyes and heavy metal ions). As a proof of concept, the synthetic wastewater purified with biopolymer membranes was used to cultivate and irrigate pinto beans, causing no observable deleterious effect on seed germination and growth. These results further confirm the biocompatibility and effectiveness of biopolymer membranes, offering an encouraging solution to challenges including wastewater treatment and cleanup of oil spills.