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Highly Adhesive Li-BN Nanosheet Composite Anode with Excellent Interfacial Compatibility for Solid-State Li Metal Batteries

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posted on 02.12.2019, 15:41 by Jiayun Wen, Ying Huang, Jian Duan, Yongmin Wu, Wei Luo, Lihui Zhou, Chenchen Hu, Liqiang Huang, Xueying Zheng, Wenjuan Yang, Zhaoyin Wen, Yunhui Huang
Solid-state lithium metal batteries (SSLMBs) are promising energy storage devices by employing lithium metal anodes and solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) to offer high energy density and high safety. However, their efficiency is limited by Li metal/SSE interface barriers, including insufficient contact area and chemical/electrochemical incompatibility. Herein, a strategy to effectively improve the adhesiveness of Li metal to garnet-type SSE is proposed by adding only a few two-dimensional boron nitride nanosheets (BNNS) (5 wt %) into Li metal by triggering the transition from point contact to complete adhesion between Li metal and ceramic SSE. The interface between the Li-BNNS composite anode and the garnet exhibits a low interfacial resistance of 9 Ω cm2, which is significantly lower than that of bare Li/garnet interface (560 Ω cm2). Furthermore, the enhanced contact and the additional BNNS in the interface act synergistically to offer a high critical current density of 1.5 mA/cm2 and a stable electrochemical plating/striping over 380 h. Moreover, the full cell paired with the Li-BNNS composite anode and the LiFePO4 cathode shows stable cycling performance at room temperature. Our results introduce an appealing composite strategy with two-dimensional materials to overcome the interface challenges, which provide more opportunities for the development of SSLMBs.