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High-Spin and Incomplete Spin-Crossover Polymorphs in Doubly Chelated [Ni(L)2Br2] (L = tert-Butyl 5‑Phenyl-2-pyridyl Nitroxide)
mediaposted on 01.08.2019, 12:34 by Yukiya Kyoden, Yuta Homma, Takayuki Ishida
Complexation of nickel(II) bromide with tert-butyl 5-phenyl-2-pyridyl nitroxide (phpyNO) gave two morphs of doubly chelated [Ni(phpyNO)2Br2] as a 2p–3d–2p heterospin triad. The α phase crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn. An asymmetric unit involves a half-molecule. The torsion angle around Ni–O–N–C2py is as small as 6.5(3)° at 100 K and 7.0(6)° at 400 K, guaranteeing an orthogonal arrangement between the magnetic radical π* and metal 3dx2–y2 and 3dz2 orbitals. Magnetic study revealed the high-spin ground state with the exchange coupling constant 2J/kB = +288(5) K, on the basis of a symmetrical spin Hamiltonian. The β phase crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/n. The whole molecule is an independent unit. The Ni–O–N–C2py torsion angles are 24.2(6) and 37.2(5)° at 100 K and 10.4(7) and 25.9(6)° at 400 K. A magnetic study revealed a very gradual and nonhysteretic spin transition. An analysis based on the van’t Hoff equation gave a successful fit with the spin-crossover temperature of 134(1) K, although the susceptibility did not reach the theoretical high-spin value at 400 K. Density functional theory calculation on the β phase showed ground Stotal = 0 in the low-temperature structure while Stotal = 2 in the high-temperature structure, supporting the synchronized exchange coupling switch on both sides. Consequently, the β phase can be recognized as an “incomplete spin crossover” material, as a result of conflicting thermal depopulation effects in a high-temperature region.