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High-Performance Gas Sensor Using a Large-Area WS2xSe2–2x Alloy for Low-Power Operation Wearable Applications

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posted on 17.09.2018, 00:00 by Kyung Yong Ko, Sangyoon Lee, Kyunam Park, Youngjun Kim, Whang Je Woo, Donghyun Kim, Jeong-Gyu Song, Jusang Park, Jung Hwa Kim, Zonghoon Lee, Hyungjun Kim
Two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have attracted considerable attention as promising building blocks for a new generation of gas-sensing devices because of their excellent electrical properties, superior response, flexibility, and low-power consumption. Owing to their large surface-to-volume ratio, various 2D TMDCs, such as MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2, have exhibited excellent gas-sensing characteristics. However, exploration toward the enhancement of TMDC gas-sensing performance has not yet been intensively addressed. Here, we synthesized large-area uniform WS2xSe2–2x alloys for room-temperature gas sensors. As-synthesized WS2xSe2–2x alloys exhibit an elaborative composition control owing to their thermodynamically stable sulfurization process. Further, utilizing uniform WS2xSe2–2x alloys over a large area, we demonstrated improved NO2-sensing performance compared to WSe2 on the basis of an electronic sensitization mechanism. The WS0.96Se1.04 alloy gas sensor exhibits 2.4 times enhanced response for NO2 exposure. Further, we demonstrated a low-power wearable NO2-detecting wristband that operates at room temperature. Our results show that the proposed method is a promising strategy to improve 2D TMDC gas sensors and has a potential for applications in advanced gas-sensing devices.