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High-Adhesion Stretchable Electrode via Cross-Linking Intensified Electroless Deposition on a Biomimetic Elastomeric Micropore Film

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posted on 13.05.2019, 00:00 by Congyi Wu, Xing Tang, Lin Gan, Wenfei Li, Jian Zhang, Hao Wang, Ziyu Qin, Tian Zhang, Tingting Zhou, Jin Huang, Changsheng Xie, Dawen Zeng
For the stretchable electrode, strong interface adhesion is the primary guarantee for long service life, and the maximization of the tensile limit with remarkable electrical stability can expand the scope of its use. Here, a cost-effective strategy is proposed to fabricate a high-adhesion stretchable electrode. By modifying dopamine and functionalized silane on a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate in sequence before the electroless deposition process, super-high adhesion up to 3.1 MPa is achieved between the PDMS substrate and silver layer, and the electrode exhibits extraordinary conductivity of 4.0 × 107 S/m. This process is also suitable for other common flexible substrates and metals. Moreover, inspired by the micro-/nanostructure on the surface of lotus leaf, a biomimetic elastomeric micropore film with a uniformly distributed micropore is fabricated by the one-step soft lithography replication process. The electrode exhibits a large tensile limit exceeding 70% uniaxial tensile and superior electrical stability from 6.3 to 11.5 Ω under 20% uniaxial tensile for more than 10 000 cycles. This study seeks a promising method to manufacture stretchable electrodes with high adhesion, large tensile limit, and excellent electrical stability, showing great potential to detect various biological signals including joint movement, surface electromyography, and so forth.

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