Gas–Liquid–Solid Migration Characteristics of Gas Hydrate Sediments in Depressurization Combined with Thermal Stimulation Dissociation
mediaposted on 10.10.2019, 18:36 by Chuanxiao Cheng, Fan Wang, Jun Zhang, Tian Qi, Peiyuan Xu, Jili Zheng, Jiafei Zhao, Hanquan Zhang, Bo Xiao, Lun Li, Penglin Yang, Shuai Lv
The exploitation of natural gas hydrate is always hindered by the migration of water and sands due to gas production. Depressurization combined with thermal stimulation is an effective method for hydrate dissociation. This paper reported the influence of gas–liquid–solid migration on morphological change of hydrate sediments in natural gas production using visualization method. Different backpressures combined with thermal stimulation methods were applied to simulate natural gas hydrate exploitation. Pressure compensation was first employed to study sediment recovery features. The expansion rate of a porous medium layer under combined dissociation and different backpressure (4.5, 3.5, 2.5, 1.5, and 0.1 MPa) was discussed. A 176% hydrate sediment expansion rate was found after the combined dissociation at 0.1 MPa. In addition, it was observed that the height of the water layer above the porous media after pressure compensation was gradually reduced with a decrease in backpressure and eventually disappeared at 0.1 MPa. It was also found that the disappearing water layer caused an anomalous memory effect phenomenon. Expansion and subsidence of sediments provide a better reference for hydrate exploitation and geological safety.