American Chemical Society
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From Nonluminescent Cs4PbX6 (X = Cl, Br, I) Nanocrystals to Highly Luminescent CsPbX3 Nanocrystals: Water-Triggered Transformation through a CsX-Stripping Mechanism

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posted on 2017-08-14, 00:00 authored by Linzhong Wu, Huicheng Hu, Yong Xu, Shu Jiang, Min Chen, Qixuan Zhong, Di Yang, Qipeng Liu, Yun Zhao, Baoquan Sun, Qiao Zhang, Yadong Yin
We report a novel CsX-stripping mechanism that enables the efficient chemical transformation of nonluminescent Cs4PbX6 (X = Cl, Br, I) nanocrystals (NCs) to highly luminescent CsPbX3 NCs. During the transformation, Cs4PbX6 NCs dispersed in a nonpolar solvent are converted into CsPbX3 NCs by stripping CsX through an interfacial reaction with water in a different phase. This process takes advantage of the high solubility of CsX in water as well as the ionic nature and high ion diffusion property of Cs4PbX6 NCs, and produces monodisperse and air-stable CsPbX3 NCs with controllable halide composition, tunable emission wavelength covering the full visible range, narrow emission width, and high photoluminescent quantum yield (up to 75%). An additional advantage is that this is a clean synthesis as Cs4PbX6 NCs are converted into CsPbX3 NCs in the nonpolar phase while the byproduct of CsX is formed in water that could be easily separated from the organic phase. The as-prepared CsPbX3 NCs show enhanced stability against moisture because of the passivated surface. Our finding not only provides a new pathway for the preparation of highly luminescent CsPbX3 NCs but also adds insights into the chemical transformation behavior and stabilization mechanism of these emerging perovskite nanocrystals.