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Fluorescent Convertible Capsule Coding Systems for Individual Cell Labeling and Tracking

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posted on 26.04.2021, 16:38 authored by Polina A. Demina, Olga A. Sindeeva, Anna M. Abramova, Ekaterina S. Prikhozhdenko, Roman A. Verkhovskii, Ekaterina V. Lengert, Andrei V. Sapelkin, Irina Yu. Goryacheva, Gleb B. Sukhorukov
In modern biomedical science and developmental biology, there is significant interest in optical tagging to study individual cell behavior and migration in large cellular populations. However, there is currently no tagging system that can be used for labeling individual cells on demand in situ with subsequent discrimination in between and long-term tracking of individual cells. In this article, we demonstrate such a system based on photoconversion of the fluorescent dye rhodamine B co-confined with carbon nanodots in the volume of micron-sized polyelectrolyte capsules. We show that this new fluorescent convertible capsule coding system is robust and is actively uptaken by cell lines while demonstrating low toxicity. Using a variety of cellular lines, we demonstrate how this tagging system can be used for code-like marking and long-term tracking of multiple individual cells in large cellular populations.