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Flexible, Cuttable, and Self-Waterproof Bending Strain Sensors Using Microcracked Gold Nanofilms@Paper Substrate

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posted on 10.01.2017, 00:00 by Xinqin Liao, Zheng Zhang, Qijie Liang, Qingliang Liao, Yue Zhang
Rapid advances in functional sensing electronics place tremendous demands on innovation toward creative uses of versatile advanced materials and effective designs of device structures. Here, we first report a feasible and effective fabrication strategy to integrate commercial abrasive papers with microcracked gold (Au) nanofilms to construct cuttable and self-waterproof crack-based resistive bending strain sensors. Via introducing surface microstructures, the sensitivities of the bending strain sensors are greatly enhanced by 27 times than that of the sensors without surface microstructures, putting forward an alternative suggestion for other flexible electronics to improve their performances. Besides, the bending strain sensors also endow rapid response and relaxation time of 20 ms and ultrahigh stability of >18 000 strain loading–unloading cycles in conjunction with flexibility and robustness. In addition, the concepts of cuttability and self-waterproofness (attain and even surpass IPX-7) of the bending strain sensors have been demonstrated. Because of the distinctive sensing properties, flexibility, cuttability, and self-waterproofness, the bending strain sensors are attractive and promising for wearable electronic devices and smart health monitoring system.