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Flexible Basalt Fiber/Aramid Nanofiber/Carbon Nanotube Electromagnetic Shielding Paper with Outstanding Environmental Stability and Joule Heating Performance

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posted on 2023-07-13, 13:13 authored by Shunxi Song, Linghao Li, Dexian Ji, Junfan Zhao, Qi Wu, Qianyu Wang
In the field of electromagnetic shielding, it has become an important trend to manufacture thinner and better-performing electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials. However, EMI shielding materials that are recyclable and resistant to extreme environments are of great significance for sustainable development and expanding their application areas. In this study, a composite paper with a “rebar-concrete” layered structure through the vacuum-assisted filtration approach by utilizing basalt fibers (BF) and aramid nanofibers (ANFs) with excellent temperature resistance and multiwalled carbon nanotubes with high electrical conductivity was prepared. The composite paper not only delivers a high electrical conductivity of 15.9 S cm–1 and a high electromagnetic interference shielding efficiency (EMI SE) of 24.6 dB but also exhibits a high specific shielding efficiency (SSE/t) of 12,504 dB cm2 g–1 at a thickness of 48 μm. Thanks to the excellent thermal stability of basalt fibers and aramid nanofibers, the composite paper exhibits long-term stable EMI shielding performance and structural integrity in various extreme environments, including fire, high/low temperature (−196 to 300 °C), and acid–base corrosion. Furthermore, the BF/ANF/CNT composite paper also shows excellent Joule heating performance, rapid electrothermal response, and good temperature controllability. Based on these excellent properties, the BF/ANF/CNT composite paper shows tremendous potential for practical applications to meet the requirements of various extreme environments.

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