Entasis through Hook-and-Loop Fastening in a Glycoligand with Cumulative Weak Forces Stabilizing CuI
mediaposted on 2015-01-28, 00:00 authored by Ludivine Garcia, Federico Cisnetti, Natacha Gillet, Régis Guillot, Magali Aumont-Nicaise, Jean-Philip Piquemal, Michel Desmadril, François Lambert, Clotilde Policar
The idea of a possible control of metal ion properties by constraining the coordination sphere geometry was introduced by Vallee and Williams with the concept of entasis, which is frequently postulated to be at stake in metallobiomolecules. However, the interactions controlling the geometry at metal centers remain often elusive. In this study, the coordination properties toward copper ionsCuII or CuIof a geometrically constrained glycoligand centered on a sugar scaffold were compared with those of an analogous ligand built on an unconstrained alkyl chain. The sugar-centered ligand was shown to be more preorganized for CuII coordination than its open-chain analogue, with an unusual additional stabilization of the CuI redox state. This preference for CuI was suggested to arise from geometric constraints favoring an optimized folding of the glycoligand minimizing steric repulsions. In other words, the CuI d10 species is stabilized by valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR). This idea was rationalized by a theoretical noncovalent interactions (NCI) analysis. The cumulative effects of weak forces were shown to create an efficient buckle as in a hook-and-loop fastener, and fine structural features within the glycoligand reduce repulsive interactions for the CuI state. This study emphasizes that monosaccharide platforms are appropriate ligand backbones for a delicate geometric control at the metal center, with a network of weak interactions within the ligand. This structuration availing in glycoligands makes them attractive for metallic entasis.
unconstrained alkyl chainVSEPRglycoligandcoordination propertiesentasiCuI stateCuII coordinationCuIThe idealigand backbonesCuI redox state10 speciesmetal ion propertiessteric repulsionsmonosaccharide platformsnoncovalent interactionsvalence shell electron pair repulsionmetal centerscoordination sphere geometrysugar scaffoldNCImetal center