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Enhanced Oxygen Evolution Reaction with a Ternary Hybrid of Patronite–Carbon Nanotube-Reduced Graphene Oxide: A Synergy between Experiments and Theory

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posted on 24.07.2021, 04:04 by Aneeya K. Samantara, Jiban K. Das, Satyajit Ratha, Naresh K. Jena, Brahmananda Chakraborty, J. N. Behera
This work reports the hybridization of patronite (VS4) sheets with reduced graphene oxide and functionalized carbon nanotubes (RGO/FCNT/VS4) through a hydrothermal method. The synergistic effect divulged by the individual components, i.e., RGO, FCNT, and VS4, significantly improves the efficiency of the ternary (RGO/FCNT/VS4) hybrid toward the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The ternary composite exhibits an impressive electrocatalytic OER performance in 1 M KOH and requires only 230 mV overpotential to reach the state-of-the-art current density (10 mA cm–2). Additionally, the hybrid shows an appreciable Tafel slope with a higher Faradaic efficiency (97.55 ± 2.3%) at an overpotential of 230 mV. Further, these experimental findings are corroborated by the state-of-the-art density functional theory by presenting adsorption configurations, the density of states, and the overpotential of these hybrid structures. Interestingly, the theoretical overpotential follows the qualitative trend RGO/FCNT/VS4 < FCNT/VS4 < RGO/VS4, supporting the experimental findings.