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Electrolyte Additives for Improving the High-Temperature Storage Performance of Li-Ion Battery NCM523∥Graphite with Overcharge Protection

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posted on 11.01.2022, 19:36 by Qin Gu, Ming Wang, Yang Liu, Yunlong Deng, Liping Wang, Jian Gao
The overcharge safety performance of lithium-ion batteries has been the major bottleneck in the widespread deployment of this promising technology. Pushing the limitations further may jeopardize cell safety when it is performed at high-temperature storage. On the basis of the lacking systematic research on overcharge protection electrolyte additives with high-temperature storage capacity, we explore the promotion effect of overcharge additives on electrolyte decomposition at 60 °C. Specifically, the addition of tris­(trimethylsily) phosphite (TMSP) and lithium difluoro­(oxalato)­borate (LiDFOB) in the electrolyte can not only form the robust cathode electrolyte interface/solid electrolyte interphase (CEI/SEI) but also improve the thermal stability of the electrolyte. Therefore, we promote the electrolyte system to realize the 18,650 LIB storage at 60 °C for 50 days by optimizing the formula in the electrolyte containing biphenyl (BP) and cyclohexylbenzene (CHB) overcharge protection additives, and the capacity retention rate can reach more than 90% with overcharge safety. Further, the optimized electrolyte system has also been implemented to commercial 18,650 LIBs and demonstrates the widening of the route to the widespread application of the electrolyte under extreme conditions.