American Chemical Society
am2c16656_si_002.mp4 (11.49 MB)

Effects of Alternating Magnetic Fields on the OER of Heterogeneous Core–Shell Structured NiFe2O4@(Ni, Fe)S/P

Download (11.49 MB)
posted on 2023-02-28, 12:34 authored by Yuan-li Wang, Tong-hui Yang, Song Yue, Hang-bo Zheng, Xiao-pan Liu, Peng-zhao Gao, Hang Qin, Han-ning Xiao
Composition optimization, structural design, and introduction of external magnetic fields into the catalytic process can remarkably improve the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance of a catalyst. NiFe2O4@(Ni, Fe)S/P materials with a heterogeneous core–shell structure were prepared by the sulfide/phosphorus method based on spinel-structured NiFe2O4 nanomicrospheres. After the sulfide/phosphorus treatment, not only the intrinsic activity of the material and the active surface area were increased but also the charge transfer resistance was reduced due to the internal electric field. The overpotential of NiFe2O4@(Ni, Fe)P at 10 mA cm–2 (iR correction), Tafel slope, and charge transfer resistance were 261 mV, 42 mV dec–1, and 3.163 Ω, respectively. With an alternating magnetic field, the overpotential of NiFe2O4@(Ni, Fe)P at 10 mA cm–2 (without iR correction) declined by 45.5% from 323 mV (0 mT) to 176 mV (4.320 mT). Such enhancement of performance is primarily accounted for the enrichment of the reactive ion OH on the electrode surface induced by the inductive electric potential derived from the Faraday induction effect of the AMF. This condition increased the electrode potential and thus the charge transfer rate on the one hand and weakened the diffusion of the active substance from the electrolyte to the electrode surface on the other hand. The OER process was dominantly controlled by the charge transfer process under low current conditions. A fast charge transfer rate boosted the OER performance of the catalyst. At high currents, diffusion exerted a significant effect on the OER process and low OH diffusion rates would lead to a decrease in the OER performance of the catalyst.