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Eco-Friendly Sustainable Poly(benzoxazine-co-urethane) with Room-Temperature-Assisted Self-Healing Based on Supramolecular Interactions

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posted on 14.12.2020, 21:34 by Salendra Sriharshitha, Krishnamoorthy Krishnadevi, Subramani Devaraju, Venkatesan Srinivasadesikan, Shyi-Long Lee
This work is an attempt to develop bio-based eco-friendly poly­(benzoxazine-co-urethane) [poly­(U-co-CDL-aee)] materials using cardanol-based benzoxazines (CDL) and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDI) to check their self-healing ability and thermal properties. CDL monomers were synthesized using cardanol, amino ethoxyethanol (aee) or 3-aminopropanol (3-ap), and paraformaldehyde through the Mannich reaction. Later, CDL-aee or CDL-3-ap monomers were copolymerized with a urethane precursor (HMDI), followed by ring-opening polymerization through thermal curing. The thermal properties of poly­(U-co-CDL) were evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The self-healing behavior of the bio-based poly­(U-co-CDL) was checked by applying a mild external pressure. The results revealed that the developed poly­(U-co-CDL) showed repeatable self-healing ability due to supramolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions. Further, the self-healing ability of poly­(U-co-CDL) was studied using density functional theory (DFT). From the above results, the developed material with superior self-healing ability can be used in the form of self-healing coatings and composites for various applications with extended shelf-life and reliability.

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