American Chemical Society
am0c08428_si_002.mp4 (1.02 MB)

Direct Observation of Li Migration into V5S8: Order to Antisite Disorder Intercalation Followed by the Topotactic-Based Conversion Reaction

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posted on 2020-07-28, 19:44 authored by Shulin Chen, Chen Yang, Ruiwen Shao, Jingjing Niu, Mei Wu, Jian Cao, Xiumei Ma, Jicai Feng, Xiaosong Wu, Jing Lu, Liping Wang, Junlei Qi, Peng Gao
Two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides hold great potential in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Their electrochemical properties are closely related to the structural evolutions during lithium-ion migration. Understanding these migration/reaction mechanisms is important to help improve battery performance. Herein, we report the real-time and atomic-scale observation of phase transitions during the lithiation and delithiation for V5S8 via in situ electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy techniques. We find that the phase transformation proceeds via a sequence of order to antisite disorder intercalation and topotactic-based conversion reaction. During the intercalation reaction, the lithium ion destroys the orderings of the interstitial V with the formation of Li/V antisite. Such a reaction is found to be reversible, i.e., the extraction of lithium from LixV5S8 leads to the recovery of V orderings. The conversion reaction involves heterogeneous nucleation of Li2S with 3–20 nm nanodomains, which maintain the crystallographic integrity with LixV5S8. These findings elucidate the complex interactions between the lithium ion and host V5S8 during ionic migration in solids, which should be helpful in understanding the relationship between phase transformation kinetics and battery performance.