am0c18881_si_005.mpg (5.44 MB)
Designable Ultratransparent and Superhydrophobic Surface of Embedded Artificial Compound Eye with Extremely Low Adhesion
mediaposted on 2020-11-11, 22:46 authored by Jiang Li, Wenjun Wang, Xuesong Mei, Aifei Pan
Real-world implementation of artificial compound eye (ACE) has been limited by its poor transparency and high requirement for the stable Cassie state. In general, the improvement of surface dewetting performance sacrifices the transparency of ACE. Herein, ACE was obtained by an integrated manufacturing technology that combined photolithography, microprinting, and chemical growth. Through skillful manipulation of the fabrication process, dewetting hairs were fabricated on the top of micropillars and around the microlens. The combination of nanohairs and micropillars resulted in outstanding superhydrophobicity (∼170°), pristine lotus effect with low sliding angle (∼1°), and contact angle hysteresis (∼2°). Moreover, the surface showed almost no adhesion under a preload of 4 mN, exhibiting excellent stable Cassie state and antiadhesion performance. Furthermore, dynamic impact showed that the impacting droplet was quickly detached from the surface (contact time ∼14.1 ms) without sticking for We = 60. The designed transparency resulted in high performance of optical unit (∼99%, bare glass for comparison). Moreover, ACE exhibited better focusing and imaging capability under larger aperture diameter than microlens without nanohairs. We envision that this research presents a significant advancement in imparting superhydrophobicity and transparency to a so-far inapplicable family of optical devices for many practical outdoor applications.