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Describing Mixture Diffusion in Microporous Materials under Conditions of Pore Saturation

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posted on 08.07.2010, 00:00 by Rajamani Krishna, Jasper M. van Baten
In a variety of practical applications involving microporous materials such as zeolites and metal organic frameworks (MOFs), the operating conditions are such that the concentration of guest molecules within the pore space approaches saturation conditions. This situation arises, for example, in CO2 capture processes operating at high pressures. Pore saturation is also attained in cases where micorporous materials are in contact with a bulk liquid phase. As the concentration of guest molecules within the pores approaches saturation values, the molecular jumps become increasingly correlated. In the Maxwell−Stefan (M−S) description of mixture diffusion, the increase in the correlations causes the exchange coefficient Đij to reduce in values that are significantly lower than that of the M−S diffusivities of the constituent species, Đi. We derive simplified expressions for calculation of the fluxes under this correlations dominant scenario: Điij ≫ 1. These expressions are validated by means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for a range of mixtures (CH4−CO2, CO2−H2, CH4−C2H6, CH4−C3H8, C2H6−C3H8, CH4−N2, CH4−Ar, Ne−Ar, CH4−C2H6−C3H8) in a variety of zeolites (MFI, BEA, ISV, FAU, NaX, NaY, LTA) and MOFs (IRMOF-1, CuBTC, MIL-53, MIL-47, Co-FA, Co(bdc)dabco, Zn(bdc)dabco).