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Charge Mobility and Dynamics in Spin-Crossover Nanoparticles Studied by Time-Resolved Microwave Conductivity

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posted on 13.09.2018, 00:00 by Julien Dugay, Wiel Evers, Ramón Torres-Cavanillas, Mónica Giménez-Marqués, Eugenio Coronado, Herre S. J. Van der Zant
We use the electrodeless time-resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC) technique to characterize spin-crossover (SCO) nanoparticles. We show that TRMC is a simple and accurate means for simultaneously assessing the magnetic state of SCO compounds and charge transport information on the nanometer length scale. In the low-spin state from liquid nitrogen temperature up to 360 K the TRMC measurements present two well-defined regimes in the mobility and in the half-life times, in which the former transition temperature TR occurs near 225 K. Below TR, we propose that an activationless regime taking place associated with short lifetimes of the charge carriers points at the presence of shallow-trap states. Above TR, these states are thermally released, yielding a thermally activated hopping regime where longer hops increase the mobility and, concomitantly, the barrier energy. The activation energy could originate not only from intricate contributions such as polaronic self-localizations but also from dynamic disorder due to phonons and/or thermal fluctuations of SCO moieties.