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Bioinspired Design of Underwater Superaerophobic and Superaerophilic Surfaces by Femtosecond Laser Ablation for Anti- or Capturing Bubbles

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posted on 2017-10-25, 00:00 authored by Jiale Yong, Feng Chen, Yao Fang, Jinglan Huo, Qing Yang, Jingzhou Zhang, Hao Bian, Xun Hou
A micro-/nanoscale hierarchical rough structure inspired by the underwater superaerophobicity of fish scales was fabricated by ablation of a silicon surface by a femtosecond laser. The resultant silicon surface showed superhydrophilicity in air and became superaerophobic after immersion in water. Additionally, inspired by the underwater superaerophilicity of lotus leaves, we showed that the polydimethylsiloxane surface after femtosecond laser ablation exhibits superhydrophobicity in air and becomes superaerophilic in water. The underwater superaerophobic surface showed excellent antibubble ability, whereas the underwater superaerophilic surface could absorb and capture air bubbles in a water medium. The experimental results revealed that the in-air superhydrophilic surface generally shows superaerophobicity in water and that the in-air superhydrophobic surface generally shows underwater superaerophilicity. An underwater superaerophobic porous aluminum sheet with through microholes was prepared, and this sheet was able to intercept underwater bubbles and further remove bubbles from water. In contrast, the underwater superaerophilic porous polytetrafluoroethylene sheet could allow the bubbles to pass through the sheet. We believe that these results are highly significant for providing guidance to researchers and engineers for obtaining excellent control of bubbles’ behavior on a solid surface in a water medium.

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