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Biodegradable Mesoporous Silica Achieved via Carbon Nanodots-Incorporated Framework Swelling for Debris-Mediated Photothermal Synergistic Immunotherapy

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posted on 19.11.2019, 14:34 by Min Qian, Leilei Chen, Yilin Du, Huiling Jiang, Taotao Huo, Yafeng Yang, Wei Guo, Yi Wang, Rongqin Huang
Incorporating carbon nanodots (CDs) into mesoporous silica framework for extensive biomedicine, especially for the desirable cancer immunotherapy, is considered to be an unexplored challenge. Herein, a hydrogen bond/electrostatic-assisted co-assembly strategy was smartly exploited to uniformly incorporate polymer-coated CDs into ordered framework of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (CD@MSNs). The obtained CD@MSN was not only biodegradable via the framework-incorporated CD-induced swelling but also capable of gathering dispersive CDs with enhanced photothermal effect and elevated targeting accumulation, which therefore can achieve photothermal imaging-guided photothermal therapy (PTT) in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, benefiting from the biodegraded debris, it was found that CD@MSN-mediated PTT can synergistically achieve immune-mediated inhibition of tumor metastasis via stimulating the proliferation and activation of natural killer cells and macrophages with simultaneously up-regulating the secretion of corresponding cytokines (IFN-γ and Granzyme B). This work proposed an unusual synthesis of biodegradable mesoporous silica and provided an innovative insight into the biodegradable nanoparticles-associated anticancer immunity.

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