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Biocompatible In Situ Polymerization of Multipurpose Polyacrylamide-Based Hydrogels on Skin via Silver Ion Catalyzation

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posted on 01.07.2020, 11:37 by Haifeng Ji, Xin Song, Huitong Cheng, Longbo Luo, Jianbo Huang, Chao He, Jiarui Yin, Weifeng Zhao, Li Qiu, Changsheng Zhao
Free radical polymerization is a mature method and can be used for preparing multifunctional hydrogels by simply changing the commercial monomers, but the harsh and time-consuming initiation conditions restrict its injectable ability, which further limits its application in the biomedical field. Though some catalysts can be used to accelerate the polymerization, their application is restrained by the biotoxicity. Hence, finding a biocompatible catalyzer for in situ free radical polymerization of hydrogels has a great prospect in biomedical application but is still challenging. In this study, we discovered that silver ions could catalyze free radical polymerization under ambient by transforming hydrone into hydroxyl radicals in the presence of ammonium persulfate, and the in situ-formed hydrogels prepared by this way showed great histocompatibility, hemocompatibility, cytocompatibility, and immunocompatibility. Benefitting from its convenience and biocompatibility, the in situ polymerization of polyacrylamide-based hydrogels for tissue adhesion, wound dressing, and conductive materials on the skin could be realized by simply blending diverse ingredients. Furthermore, this discovery may be a step toward the in situ-polymerized hydrogels for biomedical applications.

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