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A Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probe Coated with β‑Cyclodextrin Molecules for Real-Time Imaging-Guided Intraoperative Ureteral Identification and Diagnosis

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posted on 02.06.2020, 14:47 by Katsunori Teranishi
Although iatrogenic ureteral injury and its lack of recognition due to ureteral invisibility are serious incidents in open and laparoscopic abdominal surgeries, there are currently no safe and effective methods for intraoperative ureteral identification (IUI) and diagnosis (IUD). In this study, I designed and chemically synthesized a near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging probe (CD-NIR-1) and evaluated its clearance and ability for IUI and IUD in animal models. CD-NIR-1 demonstrated high specificity and ultrarapid clearance by rat kidneys to the urinary bladder following intravenous administration of a single dose (25 nmol/kg of body weight), with 96% of the dose ultimately excreted at the first urination with no chemical modification. Furthermore, urine containing CD-NIR-1 in ureters showed strong NIRF, thereby enabling IUI and IUD via NIRF imaging. These results demonstrated the efficacy of CD-NIR-1 for clinical use.