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A Multifunctional Smart Textile Derived from Merino Wool/Nylon Polymer Nanocomposites as Next Generation Microwave Absorber and Soft Touch Sensor

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posted on 01.04.2020, 12:39 by Sabyasachi Ghosh, B. Nitin, Sanjay Remanan, Yudhajit Bhattacharjee, Arup Ghorai, Tamal Dey, Tushar Kanti Das, Narayan Ch. Das
In recent times e-textiles have emerged as wonder safeguards due to the great potential background in space, military, healthcare, or portable electronics. As a result, widespread research and development have been done to make significant advancement in this field, but it still remains a key challenge to use one single product with multifunctional attributes with the past performance of key characteristics. In this work, phase-separated PEDOT:PSS ornamented with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets, deposited on the newly fabricated ultralightweight, superhydrophobic, and mechanically enriched merino wool/nylon (W–N) composite textile followed by the dipping and drying strategy. The open edges-layered structure of rGO helping uniform deposition of PEDOTs clusters, which allows the formation of a stacked layer of PEDOTs/rGO-PEDOTs/PEDOTs for robust three-dimensional electrical transforming channel network within the W–N textile surface. These dip-coated multifunctional textiles show high electrical conductivities up to 90.5 S cm–1 conjugated with a flexible electromagnetic interference shielding efficiency of 73.8 dB (in X-band) and in-plane thermal conductivity of 0.81 W/mK with a minimum thickness of 0.84 mm. This thin coating maintained the hydrophobicity (water contact angle of ∼150°) leading to an excellent EM protective cloth combined with real-life antenna performance under high mechanical or chemical tolerance. Interestingly, this multiuse textile can also act as an exceptional TASER Proof Textile (TPT) due to a short out of the electrical shock coming from the TASER by its unique conducting network architecture. Remarkably, this coated textile can get a response by the soft touch to lighten up the household bulb and could establish wireless communication via an HC-05 Bluetooth module as a textile-based touch switch. This developed fabric could perform as a new potentially scalable single product in intelligent smart garments, portable next-generation electronics, and the growing threat of EM pollution.