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A General in Situ Deposition Strategy for Synthesis of Janus Composite Fabrics with Co(CO3)0.5OH·0.11H2O Nanoneedles for Oil–Water Separation

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posted on 08.04.2020, 15:16 by Luyang Hu, Yuheng Liu, Zhidan Wang, Yufeng Zhou, Yumin Zhang, Yin Liu, Benxia Li
For a fixed porous framework, developing an efficient composite material with selective removal of oil and water from an oil–water mixture is of significance but challenging because of the effect of its decreased pore size and porosity and single wettability. Herein, a Janus fabric via a general strategy of surface hydrophobization, oxidation treatment, and chemical bath deposition is constructed. The obtained composite fabric consists of a hydrophilic Co­(CO3)0.5OH·0.11H2O nanoneedle/cotton fiber side and a hydrophobic cotton fiber side, which endows it with a unidirectional water transportation capability and exhibits an effective separation for both light and heavy oil–water mixtures under gravity. Especially using the water wetted composite fabric as a separation cell, the built-in lyophobic layer originating from fluid passed through the nonwetting region of wetted fabric decreases the unfavorable contact between lyophobic interface and separated liquid, and the permeation flux is enhanced by 214.5% for water and by 112.5% for oil, respectively, compared to that in the pristine fabric, whereas it has no effect on the separation efficiency of a heavy oil–water mixture. Meanwhile, the Janus composite fabric exhibits an excellent oil–water separation stability and durability and is easily recycled for long-term use. The facile Janus material synthesis strategy is available on various substrates including melamine sponge, Ni foam, cellulose paper, and other nanosheet arrays on cotton fabric. Thus, this work provides a route to develop multifunctional materials for potential application in quick oily wastewater remediation.