American Chemical Society
la3c01853_si_003.mp4 (41.45 MB)

A Fiber Sliding–Orientation Based Micromechanics Failure Model for Melt-Blown Nonwovens

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posted on 2023-10-05, 12:05 authored by Gaohui Liu, Li Liu, Xianfeng Wang, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The mechanical model of melt-blown nonwovens (MNs) serves as the foundation for performance optimization, which can offer helpful guidance for product material selection, structural design, and cost control. However, it is challenging to describe the micromechanics failure mechanism of MNs using the traditional mechanical model, which aims to match the model curve with the experimental result at the macrolevel. Herein, a micromechanics failure model for MNs based on sliding–orientation competition is developed. Through in situ observations of fiber position changes and the fluctuation of stress–strain curves, fiber sliding and orientation are introduced into the failure process of MNs. Due to fiber bonding and static friction, only orientation happens during the first stage of stretching. In dramatic contrast, the fibers will slide and orient in the second stage of stretching to change their positions in response to the external force. Sliding friction, fiber bonding, and static friction make up the stress of MNs, and the conflict of fiber sliding and orientation causes variations in the stress. The model has been successfully applied to polylactic acid (PLA) MNs, which proves the effectiveness of the model in MNs.