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A Dual-Control Strategy by Phosphate Ions and Local Microviscosity for Tracking Adenosine Triphosphate Metabolism in Mitochondria and Cellular Activity Dynamically

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posted on 28.10.2021, 20:35 by Peng Zhang, Xinjie Guo, Jian Gao, Haihong Liu, Chenyang Wan, Jiajia Li, Qian Zhang, Yuqing Song, Caifeng Ding
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) acts as the main energy source for growth and development in organisms, and the disorder reflects the mitochondrial damage to a large extent. Therefore, an efficient tool for the evaluation of the ATP metabolic level is important to track mitochondrial health, providing an additional perspective for an in-depth long-term study on living activities. Herein, a twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) framework is utilized to build up a sensitive receptor, Mito-VP, with a negligible background to target mitochondrial ATP metabolism by monitoring the phosphate ion (Pi) level upon ATP hydrolysis under the overall consideration of the structural and functional features of mitochondria. The responsive fluorescence could be lighted on under the dual control of Pi and local microviscosity, and the two steps of ATP hydrolysis could be captured through fluorescence. In addition to the well-behaved mitochondrial targeting, the energy metabolism at cellular and organism levels has been clarified via mitosis and zebrafish development, respectively.