pH Valve Based on Hydrophobicity Switching
journal contributionposted on 2011-08-23, 00:00 authored by Fabian Rios, Sergei N. Smirnov
pH switchable valves were constructed using nanoporous membranes, the surface of which was modified by mixtures of aminopropyl trimethoxy silane and butyl trimethoxy silane. The modified membranes are dry at neutral and basic conditions because of their hydrophobicity but open to flux of aqueous solutions at slightly acidic pH because of protonation of amino groups. The resulting high contrast between the open and the closed states and a high flux in the open state because of large pore size make the approach attractive in applications where pH switching is employed, for example, in drug delivery applications.