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n‑Butanol/Water Interface-Aided Physicochemical Tuning of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Oxides

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journal contribution
posted on 24.01.2020, 14:46 by Rasha Rahman Poolakkandy, Subin Kaladi Chondath, Nesleena Puthiyottil, Dayana Davis, Mini Mol Menamparambath
Herein, we report a facile regulation of the interface of two immiscible solvents, n-butanol and water, to achieve the physicochemical tuning of the transition-metal oxide nickel cobaltite. The crystal nucleation and the growth of nickel cobaltite into distinct morphology are highly dependent on the orientation and the mass transfer of the reactive species through the reactive interface layer. A distinct two-dimensional flakelike (1 nm thickness) nickel cobaltite is formed at the interface of n-butanol/water in a 1:1 solvent ratio. Rather, one-dimensional needles and irregular interconnected networks are achieved, as aqueous and organic counterparts are, respectively, increased. The impact of the solvent ratio on doping metal ions (Co2+ and Ni2+) at the interstitial sites of fcc spinel structure is evident from the X-ray and electronic absorption investigations. It is presumed that the interface-assisted synthesis may provide a simple and novel way to develop and adopt various transition-metal oxides for wide applications.