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Z-Selective and Syndioselective Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) Initiated by Monoaryloxidepyrrolide (MAP) Catalysts

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journal contribution
posted on 28.09.2010, 00:00 by Margaret M. Flook, Laura C. H. Gerber, Galia T. Debelouchina, Richard R. Schrock
We report the Z-selective and syndioselective polymerization of 2,3-bis(trifluoromethyl)bicyclo[2.2.1]hepta-2,5-diene (NBDF6) and 3-methyl-3-phenylcyclopropene (MPCP) by monoaryloxide monopyrrolide imido alkylidene (MAP) catalysts of Mo. The mechanism of polymerization with syn-Mo(NAd)(CHCMe2Ph)(Pyr)(OHIPT) (1; Ad = 1-adamantyl, OHIPT = O-2,6-(2,4,6-i-Pr3C6H2)2C6H3) as the initiator is proposed to consist of addition of monomer to the syn initiator to yield a syn first insertion product and propagation via syn insertion products. In contrast, the mechanism of polymerization with syn-Mo(NAr)(CHCMe2Ph)(Pyr)(OTPP) (4; Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3, OTPP = 2,3,5,6-Ph4C6H) as the initiator at −78 °C consists of addition of monomer to the syn initiator to yield an anti first insertion product and propagation via anti insertion products. Polymerizations of NBDF6 and MPCP at room temperature initiated by 4 led to polymers without a regular structure. We propose that the syndiotacticity of cis polymers is the consequence of the required inversion at the metal center with each insertion of monomer, i.e., stereogenic metal control of the polymer structure. We also propose that the two mechanisms for forming cis,syndiotactic polymers arise as a consequence of the relative steric bulk of the imido and phenoxide ligands.