American Chemical Society
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N‑Edited Guanine Isosteres

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-07-11, 11:03 authored by Xin Li, Marina Diguele Romero, Sona Tcaturian, Katarzyna Kurpiewska, Alexander Dömling
Guanine is one out of five endogenous nucleobases and of key interest in drug discovery and chemical biology. Hitherto, the synthesis of guanine derivatives involves lengthy multistep sequential synthesis of low overall diversity, resulting in the quest for innovation. Using a “single-atom skeletal editing” approach, we designed 2-aminoimidazo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-4(3H)-one as a guanine isostere, conserving the biologically important HBA–HBD–HBD (HBA = hydrogen bond acceptor; HBD = hydrogen bond donor) substructure. We realized our design by a simple one-pot two-step method combining the Groebke-Blackburn-Bienaymé reaction (GBB-3CR) and a deprotection reaction to assemble the innovative guanine isosteres in moderate to good yields. Our innovative, diverse, short, and reliable multicomponent reaction synthesis will add to the toolbox of guanine isostere syntheses.