N-Allyl-N-sulfonyl Ynamides as Synthetic Precursors to Amidines and Vinylogous Amidines. An Unexpected N-to-C 1,3-Sulfonyl Shift in Nitrile Synthesis
journal contributionposted on 17.06.2011, 00:00 by Kyle A. DeKorver, Whitney L. Johnson, Yu Zhang, Richard P. Hsung, Huifang Dai, Jun Deng, Andrew G. Lohse, Yan-Shi Zhang
A detailed study of amidine synthesis from N-allyl-N-sulfonyl ynamides is described here. Mechanistically, this is a fascinating reaction consisting of diverging pathways that could lead to deallylation or allyl transfer depending upon the oxidation state of palladium catalysts, the nucleophilicity of amines, and the nature of the ligands. It essentially constitutes a Pd(0)-catalyzed aza-Claisen rearrangement of N-allyl ynamides, which can also be accomplished thermally. An observation of N-to-C 1,3-sulfonyl shift was made when examining these aza-Claisen rearrangements thermally. This represents a useful approach to nitrile synthesis. While attempts to render this 1,3-sulfonyl shift stereoselective failed, we uncovered another set of tandem sigmatropic rearrangements, leading to vinyl imidate formation. Collectively, this work showcases the rich array of chemistry one can discover using these ynamides.