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In Vivo High-resolution Ratiometric Fluorescence Imaging of Inflammation Using NIR-II Nanoprobes with 1550 nm Emission

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journal contribution
posted on 18.03.2019, 00:00 by Shangfeng Wang, Lu Liu, Yong Fan, Ahmed Mohamed El-Toni, Mansour Saleh Alhoshan, Dandan li, Fan Zhang
Quantitatively imaging the spatiotemporal distribution of biological events in living organisms is essential to understand fundamental biological processes. Self-calibrating ratiometric fluorescent probes enable accurate and reliable imaging and sensing, but conventional probes using wavelength of 400–900 nm suffer from extremely low resolution for in vivo application due to the disastrous photon scattering and tissue autofluorescence background. Here, we develop a NIR-IIb (1500–1700 nm) emissive nanoprobe for high-resolution ratiometric fluorescence imaging in vivo. The obtained nanoprobe shows fast ratiometric response to hypochlorous acid (HOCl) with a detection limit down to 500 nM, through an absorption competition-induced emission (ACIE) bioimaging system between lanthanide-based downconversion nanoparticles and Cy7.5 fluorophores. Additionally, we demonstrate the superior spatial resolution of 1550 nm to a penetration depth of 3.5 mm in a scattering tissue phantom, which is 7.1-fold and 2.1-fold higher than that of 1064 and 1344 nm, respectively. With this nanoprobe, clear anatomical structures of lymphatic inflammation in ratiometric channel are observed with a precise resolution of ∼477 μm. This study will motivate the further research on the development of NIR-II probes for high-resolution biosensing in vivo.