American Chemical Society
nn302043q_si_001.pdf (4.34 MB)

In Vitro Biosynthesis of Metal Nanoparticles in Microdroplets

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-08-28, 00:00 authored by Kyoung G. Lee, Jongin Hong, Kye Won Wang, Nam Su Heo, Do Hyun Kim, Sang Yup Lee, Seok Jae Lee, Tae Jung Park
We report the use of a hydrogel polymer, recombinant Escherichia coli cell extracts, and a microdroplet-based microfluidic device to fabricate artificial cellular bioreactors which act as reactors to synthesize diverse metal nanoparticles (NPs). The combination of cell extracts, microdroplet-based microfluidic device, and hydrogel was able to produce a mass amount of artificial cellular bioreactors with uniform size and shape. For the first time, we report the alternating generation of microdroplets through one orifice for the fabrication of the artificial cellular reactors using the cell extract as inner cellular components and hydrogel as an artificial cellular membrane. Notably, the hydrogels were able to protect the encapsulated cell extracts from the surrounding environment and maintain the functionality of cellular component for the further cellular bioreactor applications. Furthermore, the successful applications of the fabricated artificial cellular bioreactors to synthesize various NPs including quantum dots, iron, and gold was demonstrated. By employing this microfluidic technique, the artificial cellular bioreactors could be applicable for the synthesis of diverse metal NPs through simple dipping of the reactors to the metal precursor solutions. Thus, the different size of NPs can be synthesized through controlling the concentration of metal precursors. This artificial cellular bioreactors offer promising abilities to biofriendly ways to synthesis diverse NPs and can be applicable in chemical, biomedical, and bioengineering applications.