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Eleusine indica Cytochrome P450 and Glutathione S‑Transferase Are Linked to High-Level Resistance to Glufosinate
journal contributionposted on 2023-09-26, 04:04 authored by Sifen He, Min Liu, Wen Chen, Dingyi Bai, Yuxi Liao, Lianyang Bai, Lang Pan
Eleusine indica has become a global nuisance weed and has evolved resistance to glufosinate. The involvement of target-site resistance (TSR) in glufosinate resistance in E. indica has been elucidated, while the role of nontarget-site resistance (NTSR) remains unclear. Here, we identified a glufosinate-resistant (R) population that is highly resistant to glufosinate, with a resistance index of 13.5-fold. Molecular analysis indicated that the resistance mechanism of this R population does not involve TSR. In addition, pretreatment with two known metabolic enzyme inhibitors, the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) inhibitor malathion and the glutathione S-transferase (GST) inhibitor 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD-Cl), increased the sensitivity of the R population to glufosinate. The results of subsequent RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and quantitative real-time PCR (RT–qPCR) suggested that the constitutive overexpression of a GST gene (GSTU3) and three CYP450 genes (CYP94s and CYP71) may play an important role in glufosinate resistance. This study provides new insights into the resistance mechanism of E. indica.
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