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De Novo Mass Spectrometry Sequencing and Characterization of Species-Specific Peptides from Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase B for the Classification of Commercial Fish Species Belonging to the Family Merlucciidae

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journal contribution
posted on 02.04.2020, 16:53 by Mónica Carrera, Benito Cañas, Carmen Piñeiro, Jesús Vázquez, José Manuel Gallardo
The characterization by de novo peptide sequencing of the different protein nucleoside diphosphate kinase B (NDK B) from all the commercial hakes and grenadiers belonging to the family Merlucciidae is reported. A classical proteomics approach, consisting of two-dimmensional gel electrophoresis, tryptic in-gel digestion of the excised spots, MALDI-TOF MS, LC−MS/MS, and nanoESI−MS/MS analyses, was followed for the purification and characterization of the different isoforms of the NDK B. Fragmentation spectra were used for de novo peptide sequence. A high degree of homology was found between the sequences of all the species studied and the NDK B sequence from Gillichthys mirabilis, which is accessible in the protein databases. Particular attention was paid to the differential characterization of species-specific peptides that could be used for fish authentication purposes. These findings allowed us to propose a rapid and effective classification method, based in the detection of these biomarker peptides using the selective ion reaction monitoring (SIRM) scan mode in mass spectrometry. Keywords: proteomics • nucleoside diphosphate kinase • fish • de novo sequencing • mass spectrometry • selective ion reaction monitoring • NDK • SIRM