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Alpinia katsumadai Hayata Volatile Oil Is Effective in Treating 5‑Fluorouracil-Induced Mucositis by Regulating Gut Microbiota and Modulating the GC/GR Pathway and the mPGES-1/PGE2/EP4 Pathways
journal contributionposted on 2023-10-06, 13:06 authored by Dong Liu, Fei Tang, Li Zhang, Jing-Nan Zhang, Xiao-Lan Zhao, Li-Yue Xu, Cheng Peng, Hui Ao
This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of AKHO on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced intestinal mucositis in mice. Mouse body weight, diarrhea score, and H&E staining were applied to judge the therapeutic effect of AKHO. 16S rDNA and nontargeted metabolomics have been used to study the mechanism. WB, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry were adopted to validate possible mechanisms. The results demonstrated that AKHO significantly reduced diarrhea scores and intestinal damage induced by 5-FU in mice. AKHO lowered the serum levels of LD and DAO, and upregulated the expressions of ZO-1 and occludin in the ileum. Also, AKHO upregulated the abundance of Lactobacillus in the gut and suppressed KEGG pathways such as cortisol synthesis and secretion and arachidonic acid metabolism. Further validation studies indicated that AKHO downregulated the expressions of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), and PGE2 receptor EP4, as well as upregulated the expression of glucocorticoid (GC) receptor (GR), leading to improved intestinal epithelial barrier function. Taken together, AKHO elicited protective effects against 5-FU-induced mucositis by regulating the expressions of tight junction proteins via modulation of GC/GR and mPGES-1/PGE2/EP4 pathway, providing novel insights into the utilization and development of this pharmaceutical/food resource.
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