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“Switched-On” Flexible Chalcogenopyrylium Photosensitizers. Changes in Photophysical Properties upon Binding to DNA

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journal contribution
posted on 16.08.2007, 00:00 by Tymish Y. Ohulchanskyy, Michael K. Gannon, Mao Ye, Andrey Skripchenko, Stephen J. Wagner, Paras N. Prasad, Michael R. Detty
2,4-Bis(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-6-alkylthiopyrylium and selenopyrylium dyes are essentially nonfluorescent (φF < 0.001) and are poor generators of singlet oxygen in aqueous solution. However, upon complexation to calf thymus DNA, quantum yields for both fluorescence and generation of singlet oxygen increased dramatically. Irradiation of the dye−DNA complexes produced strand breaks in the DNA. The photodamage is not observed in the absence of oxygen and is suppressed by the addition of the singlet oxygen quencher imidazole. The inactivation of the pseudo-rabies virus upon treatment of oxygenated leukodepleted 20% hematocrit red blood cell suspensions with the chalcogenopyrylium dyes and light followed the same trend observed with quantum yields for the generation of singlet oxygen in the dye−DNA complexes.