American Chemical Society
jf3c04159_si_001.pdf (3.42 MB)

α‑Glucosidase Inhibitors from Cold-Pressed Black Sesame (Sesamum indicum) Meal: Characterization of New Furofuran Lignans, Kinetic Study, and In Vitro Gastrointestinal Digestion

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-05, 11:15 authored by Titiruetai Doungwichitrkul, Thanakorn Damsud, Preecha Phuwapraisirisan
Black sesame (Sesamum indicum) meal is an agricultural waste obtained after oil extraction. It is used as a key protein source in animal feed. Previous investigations have indicated that its health benefits, such as antidiabetic activity, are mainly due to its high lignan content. In the present study, we applied α-glucosidase inhibitory guided isolation to identify the active components responsible for the above claim. Twenty-nine compounds, mostly lignans, were isolated and identified, of which five (2–3, 12–13, and 28) were newly isolated. Of the isolated compounds, 20 and 21 were the most potent inhibitors, retarding enzyme function in noncompetitive and uncompetitive manners. Structure–activity relationship analysis suggested that the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups in the structures was significantly related to the inhibitory effect against α-glucosidase. A gastrointestinal digestion study of the major lignan sesaminol triglucoside (STG, 9) suggested that the transformation of dioxymethylene and glucoside moieties gradually began in the late process, thus enhancing the α-glucosidase inhibitory effect.