American Chemical Society
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β‑Ga2O3 Air-Channel Field-Emission Nanodiode with Ultrahigh Current Density and Low Turn-On Voltage

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-22, 12:03 authored by Minglei Tang, Chicheng Ma, Lining Liu, Xiaolong Tan, Yan Li, Young Jin Lee, Guodong Wang, Dae-Woo Jeon, Ji-Hyeon Park, Yiyun Zhang, Xiaoyan Yi, Junxi Wang, Jinmin Li
Field-emission nanodiodes with air-gap channels based on single β-Ga2O3 nanowires have been investigated in this work. With a gap of ∼50 nm and an asymmetric device structure, the proposed nanodiode achieves good diode characteristics through field emission in air at room temperature. Measurement results show that the nanodiode exhibits an ultrahigh emission current density, a high enhancement factor of >2300, and a low turn-on voltage of 0.46 V. More impressively, the emission current almost keeps constant over a wide range (8 orders of magnitude) of air pressures below 1 atm. Meanwhile, the fluctuation in field-emission current is below 8.7% during long-time monitoring, which is better than the best reported field-emission device based on β-Ga2O3 nanostructures. All of these results indicate that β-Ga2O3 air-gapped nanodiodes are promising candidates for vacuum electronics that can also operate in air.