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π‑Extended Isoindigo-Based Derivative: A Promising Electron-Deficient Building Block for Polymer Semiconductors

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journal contribution
posted on 19.10.2017, 00:00 by Long Xu, Zhiyuan Zhao, Mingchao Xiao, Jie Yang, Jian Xiao, Zhengran Yi, Shuai Wang, Yunqi Liu
The exploration of novel electron-deficient building blocks is a key task for developing high-performance polymer semiconductors in organic thin-film transistors. In view of the situation of the lack of strong electron-deficient building blocks, we designed two novel π-extended isoindigo-based electron-deficient building blocks, IVI and F4IVI. Owing to the strong electron-deficient nature and the extended π-conjugated system of the two acceptor units, their copolymers, PIVI2T and PF4IVI2T, containing 2,2′-bithiophene donor units, are endowed with deep-lying highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)/lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy levels and strong intermolecular interactions. In comparison to PIVI2T, the fluorinated PF4IVI2T exhibits stronger intra- and intermolecular interactions, lower HOMO/LUMO energy levels up to −5.74/–4.17 eV, and more ordered molecular packing with a smaller π–π stacking distance of up to 3.53 Å, resulting in an excellent ambipolar transporting behavior and a promising application in logic circuits for PF4IVI2T in ambient with hole and electron mobilities of up to 1.03 and 1.82 cm2 V–1 s–1, respectively. The results reveal that F4IVI is a promising and strong electron-deficient building unit to construct high-performance semiconducting polymers, which provides an insight into the structure–property relationships for the exploration and molecular engineering of excellent electron-deficient building blocks in the field of organic electronics.