“Bright” and “Dark” Excited States of an Alternating AT Oligomer Characterized by Femtosecond Broadband Spectroscopy
journal contributionposted on 2009-08-20, 00:00 authored by Wai-Ming Kwok, Chensheng Ma, David Lee Phillips
The nature and dynamics of DNA excited states is of pivotal importance in determining both DNA ultraviolet photostability and its vulnerability toward photodamage. The complexity regarding the involvement of “bright” and “dark” excited states, their molecular origin, and the roles played by these states in the course of electronic energy relaxation constitute an active and contentious area in current research of DNA excited states. As a case study, we report here a combined broadband femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence (TRF) and transient absorption (TA) study on a self-complementary d(AT)10 oligomer and a reference system of an equal molar mixture of the constituent bases represented by adenosine and thymidine (A+T). Comparison of the spectral character and temporal evolution of the TRF and TA data for 267 nm excited d(AT)10 and A+T provides evidence for a base-localized excitation feature for an early (<∼50 fs) “bright” SLE state and its ensuing evolution within ∼3 ps into a ∼72 ps “dark” SE exciplex in d(AT)10. Combined analysis of the d(AT)10 TRF and TA results suggests the presence of a weakly fluorescent transient SG state that acts as a gateway to mediate the excitation transfer and energy elimination. A distinct base conformation-dependent model involving an ultrafast ∼0.3 ps conversion of the SLE to SG that then evolves by ∼3 ps into the SE has been proposed to account for the collective deactivation character of d(AT)10. This presents a novel excited-state picture that can unify the seemingly conflicting time-resolved results reported previously for related AT DNAs. The direct spectral and dynamical data provided here contributes important photophysical parameters for the description of the excited states of AT oligomers. The possible connection between the energy transfer giving the SE and the photostability vs photodamage of A/T DNAs is briefly discussed.
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photostability vs photodamagecase studyFemtosecond Broadband SpectroscopyThe naturereference systemTA datamolar mixtureOligomer Characterized267 nmTRFenergy eliminationSLEenergy relaxationdeactivation characterconstituent basesDNAexcitation transferSESG stateenergy transferTA resultsphotophysical parameters