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α- and β‑(C4H5N2O)(IO3)·HIO3: Two SHG Materials Based on Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Iodates

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posted on 2023-08-11, 15:03 authored by Qian-Qian Chen, Chun-Li Hu, Ming-Zhi Zhang, Bing-Xuan Li, Jiang-Gao Mao
Organic–inorganic hybrid nonlinear optical (NLO) materials are highly anticipated because of the integration of both merits of the organic and inorganic moieties. Herein, the 2-pyrimidinone cation (C4H5N2O)+ has been incorporated into the iodate system to form two polymorphic organic–inorganic hybrid iodates, namely, α- and β-(C4H5N2O)(IO3)·HIO3. They crystallize in different polar space groups (Ia and Pca21), and their structures feature one-dimensional (1D) chain structures composed of (C4H5N2O)+ cations, IO3 anions, and HIO3 molecules interconnected via hydrogen bonds. α- and β-(C4H5N2O) (IO3)·HIO3 exhibit strong and moderate second-harmonic-generation (SHG) responses of 6.4 and 0.9 × KH2PO4 (KDP), respectively, the same band gaps of 3.65 eV, and high powder laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) values [51 and 57 × AgGaS2 (AGS)]. The results of theoretical calculations revealed that the large SHG effect of α-(C4H5N2O)(IO3)·HIO3 originated from the IO3 and HIO3 groups. This work indicates that (C4H5N2O)+ is a potential group for designing new NLO materials with brilliant optical performances.

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