American Chemical Society
es2c06703_si_001.pdf (2.29 MB)

Y(III) Sorption at the Orthoclase (001) Surface Measured by X‑ray Reflectivity

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-23, 15:03 authored by Julia Neumann, Jessica Lessing, Sang Soo Lee, Joanne E. Stubbs, Peter J. Eng, Maximilian Demnitz, Paul Fenter, Moritz Schmidt
Interactions of heavy metals with charged mineral surfaces control their mobility in the environment. Here, we investigate the adsorption of Y(III) onto the orthoclase (001) basal plane, the former as a representative of rare earth elements and an analogue of trivalent actinides and the latter as a representative of naturally abundant K-feldspar minerals. We apply in situ high-resolution X-ray reflectivity to determine the sorption capacity and molecular distribution of adsorbed Y species as a function of the Y3+ concentration, [Y3+], at pH 7 and 5. With [Y3+] ≥ 1 mM at pH 7, we observe an inner-sphere (IS) sorption complex at a distance of ∼1.5 Å from the surface and an outer-sphere (OS) complex at 3–4 Å. Based on the adsorption height of the IS complex, a bidentate, binuclear binding mode, in which Y3+ binds to two terminal oxygens, is proposed. In contrast, mostly OS sorption is observed at pH 5. The observed maximum Y coverage is ∼1.3 Y3+/AUC (AUC: area of the unit cell = 111.4 Å2) for all the investigated pH values and Y concentrations, which is in the expected range based on the estimated surface charge of orthoclase (001).