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Wrinkling and Periodic Folding of Graphene Oxide Monolayers by Langmuir–Blodgett Compression

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journal contribution
posted on 28.08.2017, 00:00 by Gregory J. Silverberg, Chad D. Vecitis
Crumples, wrinkles, and other three-dimensional topographical features in graphene oxide (GO) have been of recent interest as these features have improved material performance for a variety of applications. However, wrinkling of monolayer GO films has yet to be reported. Herein, we demonstrate wrinkling and folding of monolayer GO using the Langmuir–Blodgett technique for the first time. First, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and GO are deposited on the air–water interface and uniaxially compressed to form a monolayer. CTAB enhances in-plane rigidity of the monolayer through hydrophobic tail aggregation, preventing GO–GO in-plane sliding behavior. Overcompression of the GO monolayer results in the out-of-plane periodic nanoscale wrinkling and in turn generates folds that are stable during deposition onto a substrate and GO chemical reduction. Furthermore, we investigate one potential application of this material by constructing a 3D electrode of the stacked nanofolded GO–CTAB layers that exhibits superior volumetric capacitance compared to commercial devices and comparable volumetric capacitance compared to high-performing recently reported devices. The high volumetric capacitance is attributed to the electrolyte-accessible channels generated by the nanofolds which are similar in size to the hydrated ions.